Flowers Care Tips
A little extra care can
make a big difference for any size flower arrangement or
fresh flower bouquet.
Most floral arrangements
last 3-7 days or longer, depending on the flowers used, the
environment and the care they receive. For a longer lasting,
more vibrant flowers, try on some of this :
Try to handle the
flowers as little as flower, taking extra care not to touch
the flower head themselves.
Some florists will use
flower food in their soaked foam or water in vase
arrangement. Top up the water daily, but do not empty the
vase otherwise you will lose all the food nutrients in the
water. However, if the flower food solution becomes cloudy,
you need to replace it entirely with fresh water. As flower
foods are available only in certain florist shops and are
rather expensive, we would usually recommend customers to
use alternatives such as paracetamol such as ‘Panadol’ or a
small teaspoon of washing detergent. It may sound odd, but
these solutions actually contains bacteria killing agent
that will destroy most bacteria that cause your flowers to
wither. In addition, you may also add a few tablespoons of
7-UP or Sprite to the water. These beverages contain citric
acid which is one of the ingredients contained in a packaged
of flower food.
Always cut fresh flowers
with a sharp knife. If possible, re-cut stems by removing
one to two inches. Be sure to use a sharp knife or clippers
that will not crush the stems. A dull knife or scissors can
crush the stem of a flower and reduce the amount of water
that can reach the bloom. When you are cutting the stem
place the knife on an angle and slice through the stem.
Keep flowers in a cool
spot (65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit), away from direct
sunlight, heating or cooling vents, directly under ceiling
fans, or on top of televisions or radiators. (Appliances
like televisions give off heat, which causes flowers to
dehydrate.) Most flowers will last longer under cool
For loose bunches or
Keep your flowers in a
cool place until you can get them in a fresh water solution.
Remove leaves that will be
below the waterline. Leaves in water will promote bacterial
microbial growth that may limit water uptake by the flower.
Re-cut stems by removing
one to two inches with a sharp knife. Place the flowers in
the vase solution you've prepared.
If you purchase loose
flowers for your own arrangements you should also consider
When selecting flowers,
look for flowers with upright, firm petals and buds
beginning to open. Yellow, spotted or drooping leaves are
signs of age.
When using woody stems and
branches (such as quince, forsythia or lilac), cut the stem
with sharp pruning shears. Place them in warm water
containing fresh flower food to promote flower opening.
Hard, alkaline water
shortens the vase-life. If you live in an area with hard
water, you can use a de-ionizer or add some citric acid to
the water. Too much sodium in the water is poisonous to
carnations and roses while too much fluoride will damage
Gerbera, Gladioli and Freesia.
Lukewarm water is
recommended for just a few flower types, like Heliconia. It
can be very damaging for some other kinds of flowers. Never
use hot water - this will damage any type of flower.
Never leave the flowers in
a closed car or in any other place that is too hot.
Avoid as far as possible long transports and dehydration. Do
not place the flowers in the draft and keep the wrapping
around the bouquet as long as possible. Dehydration can lead
to the formation of air bubbles in the water vessels, which
will hinder the flow of fluids even after the flowers are
put into water again.
temperatures. Some types of flowers will die within
seconds at such temperatures.
Ensure sufficient air
circulation, but without any draft. Flowers emit
ethylene, a plant hormone that will, at high concentration,
block the vessels and accelerate the decay of the tissue. A
certain air circulation is necessary to avoid high
concentrations. High quantities of etylene can also be
caused by cigarette smoke, exhaust gases or the vicinity of
ripe fruit, especially strawberries and tomatoes. Among the
flowers most susceptible to ethylene damage are Agapanthus,
Antirrhinum, Bouvardia, Campanula, Carnations, Delphinium,
Euphorbia, Gypsophila, Lilien, Phlox and Trachelium.
On some flower types you
may notice a discoloration on the ends of the stems.
This is in most cases a result of pretreatments done at the
growers place to improve the quality and vaselife of the
flower. Such discolorations are not a sign for disease.